The aim of the CCTV system is broadly classified into the following categories:
1) Security (Crime Prevention)
This application is generally referred to as “crime prevention cameras”. This aims not only to create a psychological effect to act as a deterrent to crime, such as theft and molestation, but also to help identify criminals after crimes are perpetrated by reviewing recorded images resulting from the installation of a CCTV system. The system is used to monitor conditions of facilities and places where people, material goods and money converge.
2) Safety (Disaster Prevention)
The CCTV system is also installed in facilities and places where accidents and disasters are liable to occur. Its main aims include the prevention of accidents caused by natural or man-made disasters, minimization of property loss and personal injury resulting from disasters.
This permits understanding the situation immediately after the occurrence of accidents or disasters and examination of the cause of accidents after they occur.
3) Manpower Savings
The aim is to reduce manpower, expenses and time. The number of active security
guards can also be reduced in the above security and safety applications.
4) Customer Service
The CCTV system is used to improve service to customers. Examples of this include:store owners monitoring and improving employees’ attitudes toward their customers, skiers 6 at ski resorts checking the congestion of the slope on the monitor installed in their hotels, and waiters monitoring the timing for the delivery of the next course in a restaurant.
5) Other Applications
Other aims include applications such as: video conferencing, sale presentations and distance learning educational television systems.